In each case, a doctor should walk you through your options and make you aware of the risks and/or side effects associated with each treatment.
Doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication as a first port of call to see if symptoms ease. Ibuprofen and paracetamol can be taken together to boost the effects of pain relief.
Hormone-based treatments such as the combined oral contraceptive pill target endometriosis by limiting the production of oestrogen in your body. Endometriosis needs oestrogen to grow, hence why reducing the hormone's presence can help.
Tissue can be removed or destroyed through surgery, depending on the location and volume of endometriosis. There are two main types of surgeries:
Tiny incisions are made in your tummy area and a device with a camera (called a laparoscope) is inserted to help the surgeon perform the operation. Fine instruments are also inserted to remove or destroy the endometriosis tissue. A laparoscopy can go a long way in relieving your symptoms and can help improve fertility. Symptoms can still return though.
This procedure removes the uterus and consequently the option of giving birth. In most cases, a small incision is made and the surgery is done with the help of a camera. Though it’s unlikely, endometriosis symptoms can still return after the surgery.