Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal condition that affects ovaries and ovulation. Ovaries produce progesterone, oestrogen and a small amount of the male hormone androgen. In PCOS, androgen levels in the ovaries are higher, which disrupts ovulation and the menstrual cycle. PCOS can cause fluid-filled cysts to form on the ovaries and can also lead to acne, weight gain, and excess hair. Read more
Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that can be found in or around the uterus. They are made from smooth muscle cells and other cells lining the womb and can range from the size of a pea to a melon. Fibroids often lead to heavy periods and can affect your fertility. They can interfere with your cycle in a few ways. For example, fibroids can stimulate the growth of blood vessels, which can increase the amount of blood you release during and outside of your period. In rare cases, fibroids can become cancerous. Read more
Endometriosis is a long-term condition in which endometrial tissue that is meant to grow along the uterine lining goes rogue and ends up growing in places outside the uterus (for example, on your ovaries). This tissue can become inflamed, which leads to pain and bleeding. Read more
Adenomyosis is similar to endometriosis with one main difference: instead of endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus, in adenomyosis, it grows into the muscles of the uterus.